- Dogs that have eaten rat poison may not show symptoms right away.
- It is important not to induce vomiting unless encouraged to do so by a poison control expert or veterinarian.
- Different types of rodenticides require different treatments.
Your dog has eaten rat poison and you need to act fast. It's a stressful and life-threatening situation, but your quick response can help them get the treatment they need. Here are some immediate actions you can take:
- Remove your dog from rat poison. Make sure they can't get to it again by keeping it in a safe place.
- Examine your dog for symptoms and assess whether he is behaving normally.
- Call toAnimal Poison Control Centerat 1-800-213-6680 or 855-764-7661. Prepare information about rat poison to share with the poison expert.
- Contact your vet and take your dog to an emergency vet clinic if necessary.
Regardless of how urgent the situation is, do not offer home remedies orinduce vomiting in your dogwithout consulting the Poison Control Center and your veterinarian. This can lead to more dangerous situations for your pup and result in a hefty medical bill.
The sooner you contact the Animal Poison Hotline and your vet, the faster you can care for your dog. Even if your symptoms aren't noticeable right away, it's best to take all the necessary precautions.
rat poison 101
Anticoagulant rodenticides, commonly known as rat or mouse poison, are used to kill rats, mice, and other rodents. They can be in the form of granules, powder and even liquid, which makes it easy for small animals to ingest. People often place them around the house, garage, or garden to stop and prevent an infestation. Unfortunately, this can pique your pets' interest, leading dogs to eat rat poison without warning.
By stopping the flow of vitamin K1 in the body, an anticoagulant decreases the blood's ability to form clots, leading to internal bleeding. Brodifacoum, difenacoum, bromadiolone, difethialone, and warfarin were once common blood thinners, but due to recent regulatory updates, other forms of rodenticides have become more popular.
Other active ingredients are:
- Colecalciferol o vitamina D3:Cholecalciferol is the most common type of rat poison. It increases an animal's calcium levels and damages the tissues of the heart, kidneys, gastrointestinal tract, and muscles. If left untreated, its toxicity can lead to multiple organ failure.
- bromethalin:Bromethalin causes the brain to swell. Common symptoms include poor coordination, seizures, paralysis, and death. It can be highly toxic even in small amounts.
- Zinc and aluminum phosphides:Although these ingredients are typically used in mole or squirrel baits, they may also be present in rat baits, particularly in more rural areas. When in the stomach, they release phosphine gas, which causes gastric distension, abdominal pain, vomiting, seizures, and liver damage.
What are the symptoms of rat poisoning in dogs?
Symptoms of poisoning can vary depending on the rodenticide and are not always visible after ingestion. "If your dog has eaten rat poison, most symptoms won't appear until a day or two, or even a week after ingestion," she says.Dra. Chyrle Bonk (DVM). "Fortunately, many brands contain dyes that may show up in your dog's feces." So if you see artificial colors in your dog's feces, contact the Animal Poison Control Center and your vet to report it.
Remember, the faster you seek professional help, the more likely your dog will receive proper treatment and recover.
Dogs may also present the following clinical signs:
- pale gums
- loss of appetite
- muscular weakness
- Poor coordination and inability to walk.
- To vomit
- increased thirst
These symptoms can also be caused by other underlying medical conditions, so it's best to make an appointment with your vet.
What is the proper treatment for rat poisoning?
Like rat poison symptoms, treatment can be different for each type of poison and time period. dr. Bonk explains, "If it occurs within a few hours of ingestion, your vet may induce vomiting and then administer activated charcoal to remove as much of the venom as possible."
Here are some other potential treatments, broken down by type of poison:
- anticoagulant rodenticides: If your dog has been taking a blood thinner, he may need to take vitamin K and receive a blood transfusion for four to six weeks. This treatment can help them develop proper blood clots.
- Colecalciferol o vitamina D3:Dogs that ingest poison containing cholecalciferol or vitamin D3 may require extensive medical attention and possibly hospitalization. Your vet may give him intravenous fluids and medications to reduce calcium levels in his body.
- bromethalin:Like cholecalciferol, this ingredient requires close monitoring of your dog. The vet will prioritize control of brain inflammation.
- Zinc and aluminum phosphides:Your vet will likely prescribe antacids to decrease the amount of phosphine gas in your pup's body. Depending on the situation, they may recommend making your dog vomit in a safe clinical setting.
What should I expect from the vet?
When taking your dog in for an exam, the vet may want to know a few details before administering a treatment. Make a note of when he first noticed your pup consuming rat poison, how much he ate, and if he noticed any visible symptoms.
"The prognosis for rat poison ingestion depends on the type of poison, the amount ingested, and how quickly treatment was started," says Dr. Bonk. "The less poison ingested, the better."
Your vet can perform various blood tests to measure blood clotting and red blood cell count. However, since they are unable to get timely results, they may choose to treat their dog without testing. Alternatively, they may do an X-ray and ultrasound to check the internal organs and determine the extent of the damage.
It may be beneficial for your dog to stay in the hospital for a few days or a week so your vet can monitor him properly. Once you discover your dog has eaten rat poison, early diagnosis and treatment are keys to a smooth recovery. The rodenticide is highly toxic and is said to kill rodents; It can also cause significant damage to other animals if left to its own devices.
How to prevent dogs from eating rat poison
The best way to prevent your dog from consuming rat poison is to keep it out of their reach.
However, this can be difficult when trying to control an actual rodent infestation, as you'll need to place the poison around certain easily accessible parts of your home.
Yes absolutelyneedRat poison in your home, minimize the chances your dog will eat it, such as:
- Learn about the ingredients in your rat poison and label it accordingly. This will help you remember what to tell your vet in case of another incident.
- Keep an active record of where you place your bait stations and how often, whether you have them around your house or in the garden. That way, you can immediately notice when something doesn't match your tracked notes and take immediate action.
- If you're going on vacation and need a pet sitter, be sure to share precautions and provide a to-do list in case something happens. They will appreciate the warning and will take extra care to make sure your dog is safe.
- Aside from these rat poison safety measures, be sure to do thisPet proof your hometo avoid other injuries and accidents, especially if you plan to get a new puppy. Seal hazardous household products and keep them off the ground. Dogs are naturally curious and want to explore every nook and cranny.
Maximizing your dog's safety can seem like a stressful process. Every dog owner wants their best friend to have the best living environment where their pup can eat, play, exercise and sleep without worry. But should the unthinkable happen, like rodenticide poisoning, it's important to always have a plan. A pest control attempt can easily go wrong, as this article will show. Knowing what to do in such emergencies can make a world of difference.
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Shi-won is a copywriter and an avid doggy aunt of Maltese and Shih Tzu puppies.
My Dog Ate Rat Poison: What Should I Do Next? ›
What to do if a dog eats rat poison? If you suspect your dog has swallowed rodenticide call your vet or, out of hours, your nearest pet emergency service immediately. Rat poisoning in dogs is an emergency that can't wait until morning.How do you get rat poison out of a dog's system? ›
The antidote to anticoagulant rodenticide is vitamin K1, a prescription drug. This can be given via injection or by mouth to increase the vitamin k1 levels in the body and prevent bleeding. Depending upon the timing since ingestion and signs, hospitalized care may be needed. Fluids may be administered intravenously.How long does it take for rat poison to leave a dog? ›
Less common signs include vomiting, diarrhea (with or without blood), nose bleeds, bruising, bloody urine, swollen joints, inappetence, and bleeding from the gums. Your pet will die in 3-5 days after eating these baits. Luckily there is an antidote IF we see your pet in time.How much rat poison does it take to affect a dog? ›
How Much Rat Poison Does It Take to Kill a Dog? Dr. Aubrey Tauer, DVM MPH and Head Veterinarian of AnimalBiome stresses that "even a small amount can be very dangerous." One block of anticoagulant rat poison per 2lbs of your dog's weight is how much rat poison it would take to make your dog sick.Can a dog be saved from eating a rat poison? ›
There is no antidote if a dog has swallowed rat poison with either cholecalciferol or bromethalin. Hospitalization is likely in both cases with IV treatment. Dogs that have swallowed cholecalciferol will also be treated to reduce calcium levels.Can a dog survive eating rat poison? ›
Rat and mouse poisons, also known as rodenticides, are products formulated to kill rodents. The chemicals used in these products are often highly toxic to dogs and can cause internal bleeding, kidney failure, organ damage and even death if eaten by your dog.Does milk help a poisoned dog? ›
No. Milk is unlikely to be helpful in the vast majority of poisoning situations and can sometimes make things worse. Most pets are lactose intolerant and giving milk can cause or worsen stomach upset symptoms.What are the first signs of rat poisoning in dogs? ›
Signs may include bleeding from the gums, blood in the stool (or black tarry stool), blood in the urine, lethargy, weakness, coughing, shortness of breath, seizures, difficulty walking and potentially sudden death.How long would it take for a dog to show signs of poisoning? ›
Affected dogs show signs 30 minutes to 4 hours after ingesting the poison. Initially affected dogs become anxious and have an elevated body temperature. Panting is usually seen. Progressively they become worse and staggery.Should you give water to a poisoned dog? ›
If your pet has ingested a poison, try to rinse or wipe out the mouth with a damp towel/flannel. Do not give your pet anything to eat or drink before speaking with the Animal Poisons Helpline or a vet.
What do you give a dog when they eat poison? ›
If the ingestion is caught early it should be treated by inducing vomiting, giving activated charcoal, and supportive care. Bloodwork is indicated to find out the level of the calcium and monitor how it progresses.Can rat poisoning reversed? ›
There are no drugs to reverse the effects of non-anticoagulant rat poisons like bromethalin, strychnine, or zinc phosphide. Supportive care may include IV fluids and treatments for specific symptoms.How long does rat poison last? ›
In studies with rats for example, 89% of the dose left the body within 4 days. However, as time progresses, bromadiolone tends to leave the body at a much slower rate. The half-life during this second stage has been reported to be as long as 170 days.How much activated charcoal to give a dog with rat poison? ›
The recommended dosage of activated charcoal for dogs is 1–3 grams per kilogram of body weight. Repeated doses of activated charcoal every 4 to 8 hours at half the original dose may be indicated when the body recycles the toxin back into the intestine via enterohepatic circulation.How often do dogs survive eating rat poison? ›
The good news is that this type of rodenticide has a high survival rate when treated quickly. In one study, 98.7% of dogs survived.Will Tomcat poison hurt my dog? ›
Q: Is mouse poison safe for dogs? A: No. Tomcat bait blocks should be kept out of reach from dogs (and children). Always use a dog-resistant bait station for the highest level of security, such as the Tomcat® Rat & Mouse Killer Refillable Bait Station - Advanced Formula.Can I give my dog peroxide if he ate rat poison? ›
To treat a dog who has eaten rat poison, a veterinarian will: Induce vomiting within two hours (ideally at a veterinary hospital, but you can do it at home with several teaspoons of hydrogen peroxide).What neutralizes poison? ›
Antidotes are agents that negate the effect of a poison or toxin.How do vets check for poisoning in dogs? ›
If you don't know what poisoned your dog, be aware that your vet is not able to test for every possibility, but blood tests may help determine the source. Some poisons, such as antifreeze and certain rat poisons, have antidotes, so whenever that's the case your vet will administer the antidote as soon as possible.What is the behavior of a poisoned dog? ›
Some common symptoms to watch for include foaming at the mouth, lethargy, shaking or unusual movements, upset stomach, unusual swelling, pale gums, or behavioral changes. If you notice your dog displaying any of these symptoms, or if you suspect your dog ingested something toxic, call your veterinarian immediately.
How do you flush a dog's stomach? ›
For dogs, raw and whole meals are good options. Organic meals, natural vegetarian sources, and even biodynamic foods are perfect! Foods like beetroots, carrots and even shredded coconut would work towards detoxifying your dog's gut! This food can clean out your dog's digestive system and prevent indigestion.How does rat poison affect dogs? ›
Bromethalin poisoning causes swelling of the brain while anticoagulant rodenticides poisoning prevents the dog's blood from clotting, which results in severe and uncontrollable bleeding. They also require immediate therapy.What is a natural antidote for rat poison? ›
The antidote is simply Vitamin K.
Blood transfusions may be needed to stabilize a patient who has suffered significant blood loss. There are different classes of anticoagulant rodenticides and they remain in the body for several weeks.
If you buy a first-generation rodent poison, it will usually take about seven days for the rodent to die. The reason is that the lethal dose takes multiple feeding sessions. A second-generation poison can kill the rodent from internal bleeding in two to three days. It has a faster efficacy rate.Do rats need to drink water after eating poison? ›
The truth is that no rodenticide will cause rats or mice to leave a structure after consuming it. Rats do need to drink water, but the last thing on a rats mind after it has consumed a lethal dose of anticoagulant will be to go for a stroll down to the local rodent watering hole.How much bromadiolone is lethal to dogs? ›
The lowest average lethal dose of bromethalin for dogs is 2.38 mg/kg, meaning a 10-pound dog could die from ingesting 5 small cubes of bait — not an uncommon feat.What color is rat poison? ›
Rat poison is usually blue in colour and often smells appealing to encourage rats and mice to eat it. Although it is often placed in plastic bait boxes these are easily broken by an average sized dog. Several types of poison are available, but all work by causing internal bleeding.How much vitamin K do I give my dog for rat poison? ›
For anticoagulant rodenticide toxicity, the typical dose is 1 to 3 mg per pound (2 to 6 mg/kg) daily. This is usually split and given in two or three equal doses over the day. Vitamin K1 treatment must be continued for as long as the rodenticide is present in the body.What absorbs poison in dogs? ›
In summary, activated charcoal is a safe and effective treatment for dogs that have ingested toxins or poisons.How do you reverse rat poisoning? ›
Medicine (activated charcoal) to absorb any remaining poison (activated charcoal may be given only if it can be done safely within one hour of poison ingestion). Laxatives to move the poison through the body more quickly. Medicine (antidote) such as vitamin K to reverse the effect of the poison.
What vitamin is the antidote for rat poison? ›
Vitamin K1 is used because it is absorbed early in the GI tract and concentrates directly in the liver which is where the K-factors are activated. It is only Vitamin K1 which should be considered to be the antidote for anticoagulant rodenticide poisoning.How does a dog act when poisoned? ›
Clinical signs of poisoning in a dog may include: Gastrointestinal signs: vomiting, diarrhea, extreme salivation, loss of appetite, and nausea or dry heaving. Internal bleeding: indicated by pale gums, a racing heart, coughing up or vomiting blood, weakness or lethargy, or a dog's falling over or collapsing.What is the first aid for poisoned dog? ›
FIRST AID FOR PET POISONING
If you see or suspect your dog has eaten toxic foods or substances, induce vomiting immediately (but only if the dog remains conscious). Take a sample of the vomitus or feces if available to help the doctor be sure of the diagnosis.