See how to plant, grow and care for sage in your garden (2023)

What new gardener can resist soft foliage, a beneficial herb with a musky scent that comes in many shapes, sizes, and colors? You may be wondering - what is this fascinating specimen? Well, you've no doubt heard of this plant before, but the common name for this plant isweise!

The name sage might send your thoughts to the familiar plant with gray-green foliage known as common garden sage or culinary sage. This herb, known in Latin asSage officinalis, It is one ofmore than 800 species of sage(and count) within thesageGenre. Not only are these plants known for their herbal properties, but they are also popular in the kitchen, adding texture and color to the garden landscape!

AllsagePlant species are members of the Lamiaceae or mint family. Some fun traits about this family are that they all havesquare stems with leaves arranged in opposite pairs along their stems🇧🇷 In addition to these functions, you can find many different things inside thesageGender, meaning leaf color, plant size, flower color, and even common herbal, culinary, or medicinal uses! Read on to learn more about it.perennial herb of the maze.


  • 1 history of the plant
  • 2 harvest
  • 3 spread
  • 4 How to grow Salvia
  • 5 When and how to harvest sage
  • 6 varieties
  • 7 Common Pests and Diseases
  • 8 crop protection
  • 9 general applications
  • 10 Frequently Asked Questions
  • 11 Final Considerations

Overview of the sage plant

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plant type short-lived perennial

home territory Mediterranean (Salvia officinalis)

resistance zones USDA 4-10

season Sommer

exhibition full sun

due date 2 years for flowers

growth rate Moderate

plant spacing 12-36 inches

planting depth 1/4 inch

Height 10 inches - 2 1/2 feet

gift requirements Moderate

pests and diseases root rot, spider mites

tolerance Alt

maintenance Low

Solo-Typ Well draining, rocky

attracts bees, butterflies

plant with Broccoli, cabbage, carrots

not with plants cucumbers, basil

family mints

Genre sage

species officinalis, elegant, nemarosa,


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Sage officinalis, the focus of this article, also known as common garden sage, is native to the Mediterranean region.sageplants in generalworld originCommon sage was used in Roman religious ceremonies and has been cultivated in Europe for both culinary and medicinal purposes for many centuries.

Egypt and Greece were two other ancient societies that used salvia. the generic namesagemeans "be in good health", "save" or "redemption", during the species nameofficinalisis a reference to an herbalist or pharmacy.

Sage was known as the herb ofimmortality, domestic virtue, health and wisdom🇧🇷 The word "sage" comes from the Latin "sapere" which means "to be wise" in Portuguese. It was believed that when sage bloomed in a home garden, it was a sign that a woman was in charge of the home. The 15th- and 16th-century herbalists John Gerard and Nicholas Culpeper believed that sage was good for memory.


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historical,weiseIt has been used to improve fertility, stop bleeding, heal minor skin sores, treat a hoarse voice or cough, improve memory function, treat intestinal gas or an upset stomach, and treat infections of the mouth, nose, and throat. Sage was of course also aPopular Culinary herb in most Mediterranean countriessince ancient times.

Albania, Turkey, Germany and Morocco are some of themproduction abovesage leaf lands today. In some countries, over-harvesting of wild sage has led to thisdecline in the native population.


Salvia can be propagated bySeeds, cuttings, division and layering🇧🇷 Some varieties are only available as cuttings, while most culinary or common sage varieties can be grown from seed. Read on to learn more about each way of propagating your sage plant.

Starting from the seed

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To grow sage from seed, you must first decide whether you want to grow sage indoors or sow directly in the garden.

Start sowing outdoors

If you sow directly in the garden,Plant the seed on the last average frost date for your areain spring or as soon as you can prepare your garden. plant seedsno deeper than ¼ inch deepand a few inches apart in the row. Thin out your plants when they emerge at the correct spacing (typically 12 inches for culinary sage).

Sage seeds will benefit from thislayering.Over time, seeds have evolved a way of protecting themselves from germinating at an inopportune time, either too early or too late. Therefore, some seeds need to go through a chilling period before germinating.

When a gardener deliberately chills a seed, that's what it's calledlayering🇧🇷 Some people put the seeds in the freezer or fridge to meet this requirement for certain seeds.Place your seeds in an airtight, waterproof bag or jar and refrigerate for a week for best germination results.e

If you plan on planting your sage seeds indoors, you should do so at least 6 to 8 weeks before your last estimated frost. Remember that the plants in thesagegender goesbenefit from a week of stratification(or creepy). To achieve this, you can refrigerate the seeds first, or you can plant them in a cell propagation dish or small pots and refrigerate for a week.

Start sowing indoors

To start seeding indoors, fill a seed tray or small pots with seed mix. Pay attention to the mixmoist but not soggy🇧🇷 Place the seeds on the surface and gently press them into the seed mixture with your finger.

Cover the seeds with a light layer of vermiculite or seed mix, making sure the seeds are levelburied no deeper than ¼ inch.sageSeeds need light to germinate.


Water the pots or trays with cells on the bottom to reduce seedling damage and disease incidence. This can be achieved by placing the tray containing the cells in a solid tray (that's what they areoften called 1020 trays) or a plate for small pots and water on the tray or plate. The water flows through the holes in the bottom of the container and is evenly distributed throughout the starter mix.

Propagation by cuttings

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Propagating sage from cuttings is probably one of the most popular methods becauseLaunching Seed can be slow and have poor results🇧🇷 Choose a plant that is young, healthy and vigorous to prune. Cut the seedlings early in the morning while the plant is waterlogged, rather than waiting until the end of a hot, dry day.

Using a clean, sharp knife or scissors, cut at least 4 to 6 inches from the top of a branch or stem, or cut right where new stem growth meets old woody plant growth, just above a row of leaves. .Take off the lower leavesfrom cutting, leaving only 2 to 4 leaves on the plant.

Poke a hole in your tickets with a dibble or pencilSeed starter mix or sand/peat mixand stick the stem of the cutting into the hole, making sure to bury at least a knot or two (places where you picked the leaves). From there the new root growth will come. Press your sand/peat mixture closed.

Keep your cuttings in a high humidity area to prevent the leaves from wilting when the plant begins to take root. You can do this by usingPlace your cuttings in an area with indirect lightand mist the foliage regularly to keep humidity levels high.

Clear plastic domes or even the cut off cap of an old water bottle can be used as humidity domes.Heat the bottom of your pan or traywill also help stimulate root growth. You can do this by purchasing a seedling thermal mat.

Some people place their cuttings in a warm place, such as on the top of a refrigerator, to encourage root growth. make sure thatthe sand/peat mixture remains moist🇧🇷 You should have root growth in a few weeks!

propagation by division

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If you notice your sage plants starting to lose health and vigour, it probably means they're ready to share your plants! This is also a great way to propagate new sage plants. To share, gentlySoak the soil for 12 to 24 hoursin advance. Brush the mulch at least 6 to 8 inches from the edge of the leaf and dig in with a sharp fork or shovel.

Drive the shovel deep into the soil, working around the plant an inch or two outside of the drip line (the outside of the plant's leaves).Circulate the entire plantand be sure to sink your tool straight so you don't damage the roots. Continue circling the plant, moving further outward as you feel you hit the roots, until you can lift the root ball out of the ground.

Keep roots cool and moist until transplanting. At this point, remove dead plant growth. Separate the root system into two or three sections using your hands or a sharp tool. Plant your new divisions in soil or a pot and take carePress the filled soil down to remove air pockets🇧🇷 Water well over the next few weeks as the plant begins to establish itself. Be sure to dispose of diseased or unhealthy parts of the plant!

layer spreading

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Another way to propagate sage is through layering! The steps for this method were referenced inThe Plant Propagator's Bibleby Miranda Smith.

The first step is to bend a sage stem onto the ground. in the middle of the tribe,Take a sharp knife and hurt the plant(basically making a small cut). Make sure the stem is still intact (you don't want to cut it off completely).

Insert a wooden skewer, toothpick, or pebble to keep the wound open. Secure the stem to the bottom with astable fabricor anything you can shape to hold the stem in the ground, like a piece of wire bent into a U shape.

Push soil over the injured part of the stem, making sure to compact the soil to remove air pockets. As an extra safety measure, you can place a stone over the bottom of the buried trunk.Keep the soil moistwhile the stem takes root. Eventually you will see new growth on the stem, indicating your plant has taken root.

Separate the new plant from its parent stem with sharp scissors or scissors. Move your baby plant to another part of the garden or to a pot and water it well as it develops. sometimes it is betterLeave the plant in place for a year before moving it🇧🇷 You can also leave the plant in place and dig up the mother plant to throw away when trying to rejuvenate your sage bed.

How to grow sage

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Plant sage in full sun (at least 6-8+ hours of direct sunlight per day). Sage tolerates partially shaded conditions (2-6 hours of direct sunlight) as long as the soil drains well. This herb requires, and even prefers, well-drained soilflat and rocky ground.Salbei hasaverage moisture requirement🇧🇷 In fact, these plants usually tolerate dry conditions for long periods of time.

If you are growing from seeds, you should be aware of thisSage must not bloom in the first year🇧🇷 For culinary purposes this is usually not a problem as the part of sage used in dishes are the leaves. It can take up to75 diafor sage grown from seed to be ready for its first harvest.

your spaceculinary sagePlant 1 to 2 ½ feet apart when transplanting to the garden, or sow sage seeds 1 to 2 inches apart and thin to desired spacing after seedlings emerge. A typical bed of culinary sage is usually planted in rows 18 inches apart, with plants within the row spaced 12 inches apart.

OtherssagePlant species grown fordecorative purposesare usually at least 12 inches apart, but this can vary by species and variety.

To maintain vigorous and healthy growth of your culinary sage plant, you mustcut 6 to 8 inches from the tops of the stemsat least twice during the growing season. This will encourage new and exuberant ones Growth.

pruning tooprevent plantinggo to the flower, which is normally not desired in a sage plant used for culinary purposes. Flowering a sage plant signals the plant to put more energy into flower buds and seed development, which can stunt the growth of your plant's leaves.


Don't worry if your sage plant starts producing unwanted flower buds.Simply pinch or cut the flower buds.

After 3 to 4 years, you will probably find that the vigor of your sage plants diminishes. Sage is considered ashort-lived perennialTherefore, it is advisable to replace your old sage plants with new sage plants at this time for excellent harvests and a healthy planting. Another way to rejuvenate your sage bed is to divide your sage plants (see above).

When and how to harvest sage

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Harvest sage leaves any time before flowering or during flowering.Choose the leaves as you like, but be careful not to spoon too much. Make sure that at least 50% of the plant is left, because if you cut or harvest too much, the plant will stop producing.

Individual leaves or stems can be harvested from the plant. In addition, the flowers of the culinary sage are edible and can be collected in the summer when you want your plant to bloom.


Varieties of sage vary inGrowth habit, leaf shape, leaf size and color🇧🇷 Here is a list of some known or popular varieties of garden sage (Sage officinalis):

common sage

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This is basically the typical sage plant that is easily propagated from seed and is usually very hardy. the flowers aresmall, labial and purpleand the leaves are typically elliptical in shape.

mountain garden

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Discovered at Berrgarten Manor in Germany, this silvery blue grey-leaved plant has extra large, rounded leaves with athick habitwhich is filled to the base of the plant. This strain is resistant to zone 5.

Purpurascens oder Purpurea

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This variety is also known as purple sage. True to its name, the leaves of this plant are purple and heavily flavored. The plant reaches approx.18 inches talland is ideal as an ornamental plant. However, it's not quite as hardy as common sage, with some claiming it's only slightly hardy for zone 5.


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This variety has green leaves withwhite borders and pink stripes🇧🇷 This sage plant is often grown as a houseplant and is hardy in zone 6.


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This variety has smaller leaves and a very compact habit,reach 10 inches🇧🇷 This variety is only propagated by cuttings (no seeds available). 'Compacta' is an excellent choice for rock gardens and as a border plant.


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This sage variety has variegated golden leaves and isusually used as an ornamental plant🇧🇷 'Icterina' is considered one of the hardiest sage plants and may survive untilZone 2.

Holts Mammut

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This strain hasCharacteristics of a typical sage plant, but the leaves are much larger.

In addition to these varieties, there are several other types ofsagePlants that can also be used for herbal or culinary purposes. Here are some of the most popular:

saves the sclera (clary sage)

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This species is typically biennial with large flowers of white, blue, pink and purple. Clary sage can grow almost 4 feet tall. The plant forms a rosette and the flowers appear in spikes from the base. Essential oils are used in perfumes and the leaves flavor liqueurs, wormwood and wines.

Pineapple Sage (S. elegans)

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This species has fragrant leaves and thin spikes of red flowers. The leaves smell of pineapple andused to flavor drinksor used as a set. This plant is grown annually north of zone 8.

spanish sage (S. lavandulalifolia)

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This species is also known as lavender sageresembles the narrow-leaved garden sage🇧🇷 It has a lavender-like scent and the oil is extracted for personal care products.

Common pests and diseases

When it comes to sage, there are many different pests and diseases that can affect this plant. In this section we go over everything you need to know about what can harm these plants,Either by pests or diseases.

True mildew

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As long as sage is grown in well-draining soil, pest problems will be minimal.Place your plants correctlyIt promotes good air circulation and therefore reduces the occurrence of leaf diseases. Some common Salvia pests and diseases include slugs, spider mites, leafhoppers, root rot and wilt.

Root rot and wilting can be largely prevented by planting your sagewell drained soil in full sun🇧🇷 Root rot is common when soils are waterlogged or saturated for an extended period of time.

pathogens that causewitheredhave access to the factoryVascular tissue called the xylem, which is used to draw water into the plant. When a plant becomes infected, the xylem subsequently becomes blocked, causing wilting, yellowing, and the general decline of the plant.

Wilt can be spread through infected plant debris, seeds, soil, or water.Remove old and diseased plant debris, purchase seeds from reputable sources, and plant your sage in drainage pitsThe soil will help prevent any fungus or bacteria from wilting. For this reason, growing your sage in a pot or raised bed is an excellent idea.

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mitesare small eight-legged arachnids (similar to ticks).reasonably common🇧🇷 They cause stains, discoloration (browning) or burns on the leaves. Damaged leaves may subsequently die and fall off the plant.

A heavy infestation can kill the plant. The best way to control dust mites is throughrelease or encourage predatory insects, like the ladybug, small pirate beetles, predatory thrips and big-eyed beetles.

Spider mites often become a problem when insecticides are used in the garden to kill their predators. Another cultural control would beRegularly spray a strong stream of waterin your plants. This will physically remove the large mites and kill the smaller mites. This is especially important in dry conditions.


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snailsare slimy, brown to gray mollusks, similar to mussels and oysters. They have two pairs of "antennas", one set for carrying their eyes and one for smelling. youleave a slimy trailhow they move. The snails feed on the leaves and fruits of plants.

The best way to control snails is through various methods such asPromotion of natural enemies(frogs, snakes, bugs and birds) or plant in a less snail friendly area (avoid shady and humid areas). Snails can also be plucked from the plant using bait or hand picking.


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snipersproduce asmall, frothy wet massin plants that literally resemble a pile of saliva. Nymphs (juvenile spit beetles) live in these foamy masses. Adult cicadas are often referred to as cicadas because of their large hind legs used for jumping.

Feeding cicadas does not usually cause much damage, but the leaves canirregular shapedas a result. Reduce weeds in your garden, spray your plants liberally with water, and scoop up or scoop up copious amounts of saliva from your plants if these insects become a problem.

crop protection

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fresh sageLeaves can be stored in the refrigeratorpacked loose in a plastic bagfor up to 2 weeks.

It is better to preserve sagefreeze or dry the leaves or flowers🇧🇷 in order ofFreeze sage, chop the leaves and place in ice molds in water or olive oil and freeze.

Fordry ointmentLeave the leaves, place the leaves on a table or partition in a warm, dry place with good ventilation. You canTurn the leaves regularlyduring drying time to promote even drying.

Avoid bright sunlight and cold, which bleach the leaves and result in poor quality drying products. Branches of the plant can also behanging in loose bundlesand dried, then the leaves removed once dry and brittle. Once the leaves have dried properly, store them in an airtight container. Sage flowers can be dried in the same way as the leaves.

General Uses

There are many different uses for sage including culinary uses among others. In this section we look at the best ways to use this plant in your garden.when you grow upand harvested.

culinary uses

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Sage has many culinary, herbal, medicinal, and ornamental uses. The first use for sage would be forspicy dishesincluding fish, pork, poultry, vegetables and as a spice in sausage products.

In the United States it is traditionalFor Thanksgiving, prepare a filling flavored with sage🇧🇷 In other countries, sage is used in various sauces. Personally, I love using chopped sage in my chicken noodle soup and homemade jambalaya.

Other uses

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HerbalistasI like to use sage in many ways. There should be sage leaves between the leavesstop butterfliesand other insects. Some herbalists like to boil sage leaves in water or burn sage into embers to disinfect a room. Sage smoke is said to effectively remove unpleasant odors from a room. Rubbing sage leaves on teeth is said to help whiten them.

infusionsit can be made from sage flowers or sage leaves. Add 1 tablespoon of dried sage flowers to a pot of boiling water and steep for 5 to 8 minutes to enjoy an exquisite tea."light" and "balsamic".One tablespoon of shredded fresh sage leaves per cup makes a sage leaf infusion. A pinch of sugar intensifies the taste!

antiseptic properties

Sage has an astringent, antiseptic and relaxing effect on the mucous membranes, so it is beneficial for inflammation of the mouth, throat and tonsils. Herbalists practice the creation ofgargling and throat spraysFor this reason, use sage leaves. Consult an experienced herbalist or doctor before consuming large amounts of sage leaves for any purpose other than flavoring dishes.

Petite Purposes

Sage can also be used for ornamental purposes. Of course, she can be grown in landscapes or pots as a garden accent. sage flowersattract both beesand butterflies🇧🇷 Sage sprigs can also be used for herbal wreaths or the leaves for potpourri. Some even use sage in cut flower arrangements.


AfterMedicinal Herbs: A Beginner's Guideby RosemaryGladstar Pregnant and breastfeeding mothers should avoid sage unless it is used solely to flavor recipes, as it has a "drying" effect on the body through its fluid regulation. Therefore, breastfeeding mothers can dry breast milk. However, due to this drying property, sage helps reduce perspiration and is commonly used as an ingredient in deodorants.

Sage also contains large amounts of the compound.Thujon🇧🇷 Taken in high doses, this compoundcan cause seizuresand other side effects. Thujone is volatile and will dissolve after cooking, so this is not usually a problem when using sage for culinary purposes.

frequently asked questions

Does sage need sun or shade to grow?

Sage loves full sun (at least 6 to 8 hours of direct sunlight per day). However,Some varieties can thrive in partial shade(2 to 6 hours of sunlight) as long as the soil is well drained. Sage does not like the wet, muddy conditions that usually accompany shady areas.

(Video) Sage Herb growing, Seed to harvest complete details | How to grow sage herb

Which sage plants are edible?

Because there are hundreds of varietiessageknown as sage, it can be quite confusing to distinguishused for edible purposes🇧🇷 Most likely, you will not eat any other sage plant except sageSage officinalis, known as common garden sage or culinary sage.

Other types of sage can be used as a garnish or flavoring, such as B. Pineapple Sage (S. elegans) or clary sage (S. sclarea🇧🇷 Be sure to buy your sage seeds or plants fromreputable seed companies or nurseriesthat you label your plants properly and consult experts before taking an herb if you are unsure.

Should I let my sage plant flower?

If you grow culinary sage (Sage officinalis), you most likely do NOT want your plant to flower. That's because youThe leaves are the main crop, and the plant will transfer all its energy to the flower and plant the seed when you let it bloom. This results in a poor quality leaf crop.

Prune your sage plants back a few times during the summer to prevent flowering. If you miss a flower bud, don't worry. Just push the button! if you areCultivation of sage for ornamental purposes, so let this plant bloom. You will probably also enjoy the flowers and the bees and butterflies!

What companion plants are there for Salvia?

The smell of sage in generalrepel certain insects, then plant sage with cabbage moth infested vegetables,Black flea beetles and carrot flies are beneficial🇧🇷 Some of these plants are broccoli,Kohl, cabbage, rosemary,carrots, and kohlrabi.

Avoid planting sagewith basilecucumbers🇧🇷 Sage and basil can inhibit each other's growth. Aromatic herbs like sage can negatively affect the taste of cucumbers.


final thoughts

Ufa. If you made it to the end of this article, you knowwe have reported a lot about itwonderful plant known as sage! While this plant has a "tasty" past, it still has many uses today.

Whether you're growing your own culinary spices or simply want to add texture and color to the landscape, gardeners old and new will appreciate these fragrant plants. Want to try new reproductive skills? way is oneexcellent candidate to practice these skills🇧🇷 Every time I go into my garden I am grateful that I planted this wonderful herb a few years ago. Make sure to add sage to your garden plan for the upcoming season!


How do you grow sage in your garden? ›

Quick Guide to Growing Sage

Space sage plants 18 to 24 inches apart in an area that gets plenty of sunlight and has rich, well-drained soil with a pH of 6.5 to 7.0. If planting in a garden bed, give your native soil a boost of nutrients by mixing in several inches of aged compost or other rich organic matter.

Does garden sage come back every year? ›

Is sage annual or perennial? Actually, both! If you live in planting zones 5 – 8, your sage will be a perennial, growing back year after year each spring. If you're in zones 9 and further south, your sage will likely be an annual, or one-year plant.

What should I not plant near sage? ›

SAGE: Use as a companion plant with broccoli, cauliflower, rosemary, cabbage, and carrots to deter cabbage moths, beetles, black flea beetles and carrot flies. Do not plant near cucumbers, onions or rue. Sage repels cabbage moths and black flea beetles.

What are the best growing conditions for sage? ›

Sage grows best in full sun and in soil with excellent drainage. It will rot if grown in soggy ground. The amount of space you'll need to leave between plants depends on the variety you're growing, but will usually range between 12 and 24 inches.

Does sage spread in the garden? ›

If sage is planted in the right place in the garden, it can spread over several square meters. Early spring is a good time to cut back sage. If the leaves are cut before winter, the plant might have difficulty to get through the winter time.

Where should garden sage be placed? ›

Sage does best in full sun, which brings out the flavour of the leaves. Choose free-draining soil or compost – sages can die in waterlogged soils in winter. Add grit to the planting hole if you have heavy soil. Sages do well in pots, again, only if they do not become waterlogged in winter.

How do you winterize garden sage? ›

Herbs that hold some leaves through winter — for example, sage and winter savory — will endure the cold better if you give them seasonal shelter from frigid winds. Make a shelter with cloth, burlap or even bubble wrap stapled to wood stakes in a box or teepee shape. Keep them sleeping.

Should you let sage flower? ›

Generally, these plants are grown for their edible foliage, and many gardeners choose to pinch off the flowers. This encourages plants to use their energy to produce tender leaves instead of seeds. If you let your plants bloom, cut back below the start of the bloom stalks once they fade to encourage new growth.

What month does sage flower? ›

The plants are 12 to 24 inches tall and bloom in late spring to early summer. If faded blooms are cut back, they will re-bloom through fall.

Do sage plants like coffee grounds? ›

Although gritty amendments help drainage and may be sufficient for desert-type plants, organic matter is a supplement that is beneficial to nearly all sages. Bark mulch, used coffee grounds and compost are examples of organic matter.

Do sage plants attract bugs? ›

Plant Identification

Flowers bloom in many colors including white, yellow, pink, red, lavender, blue, and purple. Sages attract hummingbirds, bees, and butterflies.

Can you leave sage outside in the winter? ›

Tender outdoor herbs

Herbs like bay, sage and thyme are hardy enough to survive the winter outside, but will not grow. If you want to harvest from them, protect them against the coldest weather. You can move plants into a coldframe, or an unheated greenhouse or conservatory. Make sure to ventilate them on milder days.

How long does sage plant last? ›

In these areas, grow Salvia officinalis as an annual. Otherwise, this sage plant is hardy in Zones 4 to 8, although its lifespan as a perennial usually winds down between three and five years.

How do you maintain sage? ›

Water plants regularly, especially during dry spells, but avoid overwatering as sage hates wet roots. Pruning plants after flowering helps to maintain an attractive shape and encourages lots of new growth. Raise containers onto pot feet in winter to allow excess moisture to drain away.

Does sage attract hummingbirds? ›

1) Salvia (Sage)

Yet one thing most salvia species have in common is: hummingbirds adore them. In our garden, salvia flowers attract hummingbirds more than any other plant!

How do you prune garden sage? ›

To prune sage, make your cuts just above two leaves, about a third of the way down. By trimming that central stem and leaves off, the plant is forced to put out new growth at the crotch where the leaves meet the stem. Where you once had one fountain growing more leaves, you will now have two.

How often do you water sage? ›

Water: Sage is a fairly drought-tolerant herb, and even when the leaves look wilted, a little water perks the entire plant right up. Wait until the soil is dry to give it a thorough watering.

What is the best fertilizer for sage? ›

Sage doesn't need much fertilizer, but a dose of fish emulsion in the spring will keep your plants in peak form. Pinch back long stems on your plant to encourage it to grow bushier. It's also a good idea to cut sage plants back 2/3 in the early spring to prevent the new growth from being too woody.

What does sage repel in the garden? ›

Sage repels the same insects as rosemary, especially snails, cabbage moths, beetles, black flea beetles, and carrot flies, as well as flea beetles, which prey on potatoes and sweet potatoes. Do not plant near cucumbers, onions, or rue.

What temperature is too cold for sage? ›

Hardy only to about 15 degrees F, though winter protection can help. In cold winter areas, small plants can be potted up in fall and grown through winter indoors.

Does sage need to be covered for frost? ›

Light and Temperature for Growing Sage

While sage is traditionally a cold-hardy perennial, they risk the chance of not surviving a harsh winter in colder climates. Consider protecting plants from frost with row covers or cold frames and adding extra mulch around the base of the plants for added protection.

Does sage stay green in winter? ›

The foliage of sage looks lifeless through winter and into spring, so prune plants each year in early spring cutting out the oldest growth to help stimulate new growth. In late spring, spikes of pinkish purple flowers will appear.

Should I deadhead sage flowers? ›

As with any sage, deadheading spent flowers gives these plants a tidier look and promotes continuing bloom. Throughout the growing season, you can encourage fresh growth by periodically removing the oldest stems.

Do you cut the stems off sage? ›

Sage, mint, and basil are all herbs with relatively large leaves and softer stems. With these herbs, it's best to pick off individual leaves; pinch them off close to the stem. If the stems are very tender, you can use those as well, but I usually save the stems for making chicken and vegetable stocks.

Is sage OK for dogs? ›

Unlike some herbs which can cause digestive upset in large doses, sage is recognized by the ASPCA as being non-toxic for dogs. You should still limit your dog's intake to a few leaves a day, but there's no danger of poisoning.

What does a sage symbolize? ›

Sage is often mentioned as the herb of immortality, domestic virtue, health, and wisdom. Sage was a sacred ceremonial herb of the Romans.

Is sage a plant or bush? ›

Sage is a perennial plant that grows about 60 cm (2 feet) tall. The oval leaves are rough or wrinkled and usually downy; the colour ranges from gray-green to whitish green, and some varieties are variegated.

What does sage plant attract? ›

To Attract Pollinators and Other Beneficial Insects

When sage is in bloom, this is a herb that works very well in a wildlife-friendly garden. This plant is beloved of bees, and also helps to attract a wide range of other pollinators. Butterflies, for example, can also often be seen enjoying nectar from sage flowers.

Does sage attract slugs? ›

Snails and slugs especially love the tender foliage of various Salvia Splendens cultivars, such as your Peach Scarlet Sage. In gardens that aren't too large, nighttime and early morning handpicking is an ecofriendly, highly effective control.

What is the best homemade fertilizer for herbs? ›

Just mix one tablespoon of Epsom salt into one gallon of your leftover cooking water, and you have an instant way to give your herbs a little love.

Will sage keep mosquitoes away? ›

Burning sage is also a great way to keep mosquitoes away! Throw some sage leaves in a backyard fire pit or in your fireplace to fill your home with refreshing aromas and a natural mosquito-repelling scent.

Does sage keep flies away? ›

Bees and butterflies love the colorful flowers sage gives but flies and other pests do not. This is why sage is able to repel them. Plant it near the house and bugs will no longer bug you. You can also make an insect repellent spray from this plant's leaves.

What animal eats sage? ›

Sagebrush leaves themselves—which are strongly aromatic and a shade of light green that seems to change with the weather—provide food to a variety of birds and fauna, including mule deer, white-tailed deer, elk, pronghorn antelope, bighorn sheep, and jackrabbit.

Can sage get too much sun? ›

Outdoors, sage sun requirements are full sun to very light shade. 6-8 hours of sunlight is ideal, but if you live in the Southern part of the USA, sage will benefit with some relief from the afternoon sun. You can also grow sage indoors in a bright sunny window.

Does sage like hot weather? ›

Sage does better in dry, hot climate extremes than it does in cold, wet extremes. If you live in an especially cold and rainy region make sure that your dirt is sandy and drains well. Adding pebbles to your mulch is one way to keep your soil well-drained.

How hot can sage tolerate? ›

Sage Plants Grow Faster in Warmer Temps

On the other hand, if things get too hot they'll wilt and become prone to disease. Ideal temperatures are around 70°F but anything between 60 and 80°F grows well.

Can you overwater sage? ›

Feel the soil, the top layer (about 1 inches) should be dry before giving more water. If the soil is still wet you risk giving the plant too much water and it can rot.

Is sage easy to maintain? ›

Initially, when growing Texas sage, young plants should be given supplemental irrigation. Most pests steer clear of this native plant and it has few disease issues. One thing that will cause it trauma is boggy soil that doesn't drain. Texas sage care is minimal and it is an excellent plant for a novice.

How deep does sage need to be planted? ›

Seeds should sprout in 2 to 3 weeks. Sow seeds 3mm (1/8″) deep, and keep soil just moist, not wet. Thin or transplant to 45-60cm (18-24″) apart. In spring, trim established plants back by a third to encourage new growth.

What are benefits of sage? ›

Sage is an herb with several promising health benefits. It's high in antioxidants and may help support oral health, aid brain function and lower blood sugar and cholesterol levels. This green spice is also easy to add to almost any savory dish. It can be enjoyed fresh, dried or as a tea.

Can garden sage survive winter? ›

Herbs like bay, sage and thyme are hardy enough to survive the winter outside, but will not grow. If you want to harvest from them, protect them against the coldest weather. You can move plants into a coldframe, or an unheated greenhouse or conservatory. Make sure to ventilate them on milder days.

How do you prepare sage for winter? ›

Herbs that hold some leaves through winter — for example, sage and winter savory — will endure the cold better if you give them seasonal shelter from frigid winds. Make a shelter with cloth, burlap or even bubble wrap stapled to wood stakes in a box or teepee shape. Keep them sleeping.

Is sage a tree or bush? ›

Sage is an attractive culinary herb. Salvia officinalis is an aromatic, rather woody perennial shrub in the mint family (Lamiaceae) native to the shores of the northern Mediterranean.

How do you trim sage to promote growth? ›

To prune sage, make your cuts just above two leaves, about a third of the way down. By trimming that central stem and leaves off, the plant is forced to put out new growth at the crotch where the leaves meet the stem. Where you once had one fountain growing more leaves, you will now have two.

How long do sage plants live? ›

In these areas, grow Salvia officinalis as an annual. Otherwise, this sage plant is hardy in Zones 4 to 8, although its lifespan as a perennial usually winds down between three and five years.


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